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Employment, RIGI and the return to colonialism 21st century. Prebisch’s apologies to Don Arturo Jauretche

Employment, RIGI and the return to colonialism 21st century.  Prebisch’s apologies to Don Arturo Jauretche

According to the publication of Cuadernos de Economía 82 “Imbalances of Argentine federalism. “A fiscal approach in history” Buenos Aires province It represents more than a third of the gross domestic product and total national exports, while reaching 40% of national revenue, it is the third province with the best salary level, approximately half of the country’s industrial activity and it is the main province concentrating employment, as well as industrial establishments. This is why the evolution of its economy is not only important for the people who inhabit its territory, but is also decisive for national economic performance.

The weight of employment, not only in the province but in the region, calls us to observe the data published by the Observatory of Employment and Business Dynamics on registered employment in the PRIVATE SECTOR and that can give us an overview of the social situation in Buenos Aires territory. and from Center and Buenos Aires.

Let’s explore the regional data, from the devaluation of August 2023 to February 2024 the destruction of salaried employment in the private sector was 51,000 in the Central and Buenos Aires region. But this was in stages that must be compared, first between December and August 2023, the destruction of salaried employment was 17,300; On the other hand, between December 2023 and February 2024, the destruction of salaried employment in the private sector was 34,000, double that of the devaluation of August 2023.

Because the devaluation of August 2023, although it was within the framework of IMF requests, that of December of the same year was also within the framework of IMF requests. The difference is in the lack of social support, in terms of salaries and incentives for the economy, between both situations. Although the IMF calls for caution due to the social effects of fiscal and salary adjustment, the fiscal adjustment implemented by Luis “Toto” Caputo and Javier Milei impacted, for example, Zárate’s party linked to a huge energy project that was in the final stretch. . What is happening with the construction of the CAREM nuclear reactor?

The general secretary of the UOCRA of Zárate, Julio González, confirmed that the work is paralyzed. In these days it was confirmed that some 570 people linked to civil works were fired. Two issues arise, the first is that the construction of the first reactor, completely designed and built in Argentina, is being stopped, like so many public works due to the economic policy decision of the Ministry of Economy under this administration.

The particularity of this case is that the funds are there, but they do not enable them; The second is that the government of Milei-Villaruel and Luis “Toto” Caputo together with Macri’s PRO and De Loredo’s UCR have not appointed authorities in the National Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA). The doctor in Physics, Sarquis, indicated: “At this moment there are about 120 workers and they need a minimum of 250. They have to be trained no matter what. This was expected to end in June next year and to begin implementation you need, at a minimum, a year or two of technical training, which we are concerned about,” she stressed. In addition to CAREM, RA-10 and the Heavy Water Industrial Plant are paralyzed.

A third issue that we have to add is the Large Investment Incentive Regime What is the objective of the RIGI? Ensure foreign monopolies control of natural resources highly demanded today by central countries. Mainly for the United States, it may find advantages to see how Argentina abandons development under its main nuclear complex. This Base Law and DNU 70/2023 are the return to colonialism.

We did not want to stop analyzing the data that corroborates this analysis, for this, the employment data of the Secretary of Labor shows that between December 2023 and February 2024 in the construction sector, 33,440 jobs registered in the private sector were destroyed. , independently of those in the public sector. A second sector affected by layoffs was Other business services, about 6,500; hotels and restaurants about 5,230; Trade 5,050; and Transport another 3,220. The total job destruction recorded in the private sector in the aforementioned period reaches 53,180.

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Following official data, INDEC published that as of March of this year, some 11,252 people were discharged from the National Public Administration, Companies and Companies. The Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Security has not yet published the data for March 2024. But we could say that some 64,432 workers were laid off in this first quarter between the public and private sectors.

Now if we focus on some provinces, the most affected by the destruction of employment registered in the private sector, since December 2023 was Buenos Aires with 24,800 workers, followed by the province of Misiones (4,700), Santa Fe (4,000), Córdoba (2,600), Santiago del Estero (2,100), La Rioja and CABA (1,600) and Neuquén (1,500). The growth of unemployment is no longer just in the central region.

For all of the above, it is necessary to appeal to the memory of Buenos Aires, to that guacho poet of the “Paso de los Libres” who knew how to leave his pen and prose to take over management at Banco Provincia 1946-1950, a man born in Lincoln, a lawyer and fond of economics, Don Arturo Jauretche. There is a posthumous book, Politics and Economy, where he writes a very current motto, “Under the false pretext of an unprecedented economic crisis, the great scam on the interests of the aspirations of the nationality is about to be consummated.” Everything was bad before, Yes, but this government is not “planned misery.”

Let’s not lose sight of the fact that the IMF agreement was brought by Mauricio Macri under other false pretexts. However, returning to “the pretext”, in the Prebisch report, which Don Arturo published with the title “Prebisch Report, return to colonialism (1956)”, which of the two was right? Let’s make this clear, because we are not here for relative arguments, in a conference given by Raúl Prebisch, December 17, 1981, at the Faculty of Economic Sciences of the UBA, he said: “In 1955, still with traces of neoclassical economics in In my mind, perhaps I believed that this transfer of income in favor of companies, which a wage freeze would bring, would be dissolved and diffused in the community through the play of the laws of the market. That is not the case. I confess it publicly, because it is necessary for those who think today as I thought twenty-five years ago to reflect and understand that nothing more can be done.”

Prebisch was the first director of UN-ECLAC, a Latin American regional statistics and economic thought body, part of the Central Bank when it was created in 1935, and began his first steps in the SRA. Don Raúl seems like those economists close to Peronism, heterodox, progressive, who talk about the “difficult” economy, who throw themselves into representativeness saying “we would have done the same as Milei”, when sometimes it is them and their social networks.

In this way they contribute to a false discussion about the RIGI, which is to consolidate a colonial Argentina. But, luckily, when Raúl recognizes his mistake, we hope that some will have that greatness later, he confirms that it is necessary to reread Don Arturo, the universal seen from the coasts of Buenos Aires, Patria Yes, Colonia No. Denounce the RIGI but without blinders and constitute a place of ideas, such as FORJA (Radical Guiding Force of Young Argentina) whose motto said: “We are a colonial Argentina, we want to be a Free Argentina.”

Economist and teacher of Latin American Structuralism UNDAV.

Source: Ambito

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