For a long time, electric cars were cheaper to maintain than combustion cars. But the cost advantages could be over by 2023. According to an analysis, they will then no longer be the cheaper choice.
For years, electric cars experienced a real boom. Those times could soon be over, however. According to an analysis by the Center Automotive Research (CAR), there will be cost disadvantages for e-cars in the coming year, as the “Handelsblatt” reports.
“From 2023, electric cars will be at a significant cost disadvantage for consumers in Germany,” the daily quotes CAR director Ferdinand Dudenhöffer as saying. The reason is therefore the rising electricity prices and the reduction in subsidies, as a cost calculation has shown. As a result, the attractiveness of electric cars will decrease and there will be a “significant purchase blockade”, according to the industry insider.
For his cost analysis, Dudenhöffer compared three popular electric cars with their combustion engine counterparts with an annual mileage of 15,000 kilometers: the Fiat 500e, the Opel Mokka-e and the Tesla Model 3, which was compared to the BMW 3 Series. Since Tesla only produces electric cars, a direct vehicle comparison within the brand was not possible here.
The three electric cars came to an average cost of 596 euros per month. At an assumed price of 32 cents per kilowatt hour, electricity costs accounted for 67 euros of this. For combustion vehicles, these costs were a good 30 euros higher at 631 euros. Here 142 euros were incurred for filling up with petrol. A liter price of 1.87 euros was chosen as a reference; even with a fuel price of 1.55 euros, the electric models would have been even cheaper.
Rising electricity prices and cuts in environmental premiums are destroying the cost advantage of electric cars
However, this price advantage is expected to disappear in the next year. Most recently, electricity in an average household cost over 37 cents per kilowatt hour, but the significant increases in electricity prices should first be passed on to consumers.
The CAR Institute expects an electricity price of a good 50 cents per kilowatt hour. At this price, a comparable car with a combustion engine would already be two euros cheaper per month. The cost advantage of e-cars should then finally be over next year. The reduction in the environmental bonus from 9,000 to 6,750 euros for vehicles with a net list price of less than 40,000 euros and from 7,500 euros to 4,500 euros for vehicles with a net list price of less than 65,000 euros “nullify” the cost advantages of electric cars in all scenarios, it says in the analysis.
Even with an electricity price of 32 cents per kilowatt hour, an electric car is more expensive than a comparable combustion model. The cost disadvantage is 34 euros. If the electricity price is 50 cents per kilowatt hour, this disadvantage more than doubles –to 71 euros –on. Drivers who mainly use fast-charging stations to refuel have to accept additional monthly costs of 123 euros.
Dudenhöffer: “The prospects for electromobility under the Green Economics Minister Robert Habeck and the traffic light government in Berlin are poor.” Especially if you are thinking about buying an electric car for the first time, pay attention to the costs. The rising costs are likely to lead to consumers opting for a combustion engine or delaying the purchase of an electric car.