This vote would conclude a long process, after the attempt to introduce same-sex marriage in the Constitution approved in 2019.
The new regulation, which will replace the one in force since 1975, was approved in July by the Assembly National of People’s Power (Parliament, unicameral) and changes the definition that provides for the union between a man and a woman for the concept of marriage between “two people”.
This code also protects vulnerable sectors of society such as disabled; defines the violence family sexual Y of genderand introduces the possibility that minors are under the responsibility of several parents or grandparents and close relatives.
Campaigns for and against
During a televised meeting on the Palace of the Revolutionseat of government, President Díaz-Canel considered that the code to be approved “Turn love into law.”
Referring to those who oppose the project, he said that “in the diversity that exists in Cuba there are people of doctrine and faith who defend their conception with every right.” Voting “No” would be “ignoring that this discrepancy exists precisely because of the wide diversity of interests of topics that the entirety of this regulation addresses,” she stressed.
The Conference of Catholic Bishops of Cuba criticized this month the call “ideology of gender“, which supports many precepts contained in the new legislation, such as equal marriage, assisted pregnancy and the possibility that minors can initiate a clinical process to change their sex.
“Every child is a gift and an end in itself; it is a child’s right to have a father and a mother. It is unethical for the so-called ‘solidarity gestation’ to be recognized as adequate, in which a woman carrying in her womb for nine months a child must hand over to other people immediately after birth,” he said in a statement.
For the Cuban academic Arthur Lopez-Levyof the University of Holy Names, California, the new code “connects with the best of the vision progressive international“, but “implies a confrontation between visions of that institution” familiar in Cuba.
The Díaz-Canel government has carried out an intense campaign in favor of Yes in official media and on social networks, while an opposition, disjointed and without legal channels on the island, has expressed itself for No.
In the midst of the difficult situation economical and migration that the island faces, López-Levy warns about the possibility of abstentionism and rejection “to pass the account of the crisis to the government”.
The vote comes fourteen months after the historic demonstrations of July 11, 2021, when thousands of people took to the streets.
The Constitution, submitted to a referendum in 2019, was supported by 78.3% of the electoral roll, the lowest electoral result since the triumph of the revolution cuban in 1959.
With three previous referendums to ratify constitutional texts, the Family Code is the first law to undergo this process. The triumph of the No seems “very unlikely”, although he does not rule out that the rejection could reach up to 30%, says López-Levy.
If it wins acceptance with more than 50% of the votes, this law will enter into force the day after the results are known, otherwise the current one will remain in force.