Airbag: If the baby seat is transported on the front passenger seat, the airbag must be deactivated there. If a forward-facing child seat is installed on the front passenger seat, the airbag must be activated. However, to prevent serious facial injuries to the child in the event of an impact, the seat should be pushed back as far as possible.
base station: This is a station on which you can attach either the baby seat or the child seat. In most cases, the base is attached using Isofix.
three-point belt: A three-point belt ties the occupant to the vehicle body at three points.
Installation: There are two ways to install a child seat in the car: the ->Isofix anchorage and the belt installation. The child seat is strapped firmly to the car seat with the vehicle’s own safety belts.
impact shield: A child seat with an impact shield (small table) is always attached in the direction of travel and usually in connection with the three-point belt of the vehicle. The advantage of impact shield systems is that the neck loads in a frontal accident are slightly lower than with -> braces systems.
Law: Since 2019, a body height of 1.35 meters has been sufficient to secure the seat belt, instead of the previous 1.50 meters. Children up to 14 years of age who are shorter than 1.35 meters must use a restraint device appropriate to their weight and height. -> Seat cushions are permitted, but child seats with a backrest should be preferred for safety reasons, advises the ÖAMTC. Caution: Other regulations apply abroad!
Suspender belts: For child seats with their own harness, a distinction is made between a three- and five-point harness. Baby carriers usually have a three-point harness (Y-harness), which runs over the shoulders and is buckled between the legs. Child seats with five-point harnesses are available for small children, which also run around the right and left hips and are fastened over the stomach. Important for systems with harness belts: The belts must always be as close as possible to the child’s body and adjusted to the body size (shoulder height).
i Size: i-Size is a European safety standard for child seats that was introduced in 2013. The R129/i-Size child seat standard is the latest safety standard for child seats. According to this, children up to about 15 months may only be transported backwards. The older standard ECE R44 is based on the child’s weight. In contrast, i-Size is based on size.
Isofix: Isofix is an internationally standardized fastening system for child seats. For an Isofix child seat, the vehicle must be equipped with appropriate brackets so that the seat can be firmly anchored in the car. Since 2013, all new vehicles have been equipped with Isofix brackets, and the car seats are marked accordingly. The seat belt does not have to be used.
“Maxi Cosi”: Baby car seats are colloquially called Maxi-Cosi, although there are a large number of manufacturers. The infant car seat is used from birth up to around one year when driving – depending on the weight and size of the child. Infant carriers are always installed rear-facing. They can be attached with either the car seat belt or a base station.
Reboarder: Rear-facing child seat. Provide better protection in the event of an impact as the head and neck are subjected to less pressure.
You can read more about reboarders here:
booster seat: In booster seats, children are almost always secured with the vehicle’s standard three-point seat belt. It is important to ensure that the shoulder strap runs centrally over the child’s shoulder and that it does not fall out of the strap when sleeping. If the child moves, the shoulder belt must always be pulled tight again by the automatic belt retractor.
Support foot/ base: Some child seats can be additionally supported with a support leg on the vehicle floor. The support leg prevents the seat from tipping forward in the event of a collision.
Top tethers: Top tether. This is an additional strap that is routed over the seat backrest and attached to a bracket on the vehicle with a hook and then tensioned.