Complaints about a lack of teachers and too few day-care center staff are not new. But according to experts, the shortage of staff will put the education system under heavy pressure in the long term.
Despite the sometimes sharp increase in staff in daycare centers, schools and universities in the past ten years, experts believe that the German education system is facing difficult times due to a shortage of skilled workers.
“The question of personnel requirements is one of the most urgent,” said the managing director of the Leibniz Institute for Research and Information in Education (DIPF), Kai Maaz, on Thursday in Berlin on the occasion of the presentation of the National Education Report. The Education and Science Union (GEW) warned of a “staff collapse”.
The extensive report is created every two years under the leadership of the DIPF. The education researcher Maaz introduced him in the presence of Federal Education Minister Bettina Stark-Watzinger (FDP) and the President of the Conference of Ministers of Education (KMK), Karin Prien (CDU).
According to the report, personnel recruitment and personnel qualification will remain a priority for continued high-quality educational offers in the coming years. “The question isn’t just how do we get additional staff? It’s also unclear where it’s supposed to come from. We may experience distribution struggles on the training and labor market here,” said Maaz. In many areas of the economy or in the health and care sector, skilled workers are desperately needed.
Focus «educational staff»
The education report describes developments, trends and problems in the entire education system on around 400 pages – from day-care centers to schools, vocational schools and universities to further education. The scientists evaluated data from statistics and studies and this time chose “educational staff” as the main topic, which should clarify the urgency.
The report does say that in daycare centers, schools and universities, for example, the number of staff has increased “sometimes noticeably” since 2010. “Day-care centers alone recorded a 75 percent increase in staff,” it says. However, since the number of children in the day-care centers has also increased, there are still only slight improvements in the ratio of children per kindergarten teacher.
And according to the authors, the need for staff will continue to rise, especially in early education. Up to 72,500 skilled workers could be missing here by 2025. In addition, there is the agreed entitlement to all-day care, which will be gradually introduced nationwide from the 2026/2027 school year. As a result, a large additional requirement of up to 65,600 skilled workers is also expected in the primary school sector by 2030.
system in a vicious circle
GEW boss Maike Finnern said on Thursday that the system is in a vicious circle of overloading due to a shortage of skilled workers and lack of skilled workers due to overloading. “There is a threat of a staff collapse.”
Prien said that the shortage of skilled workers affects all areas of life and industries, including education. She also referred to unforeseeable developments. So far, around 140,000 students from Ukraine have been integrated into the school system “relatively quietly”. A “changed reproductive behavior” is something that cannot be foreseen, said the Schleswig-Holstein Minister of Education with a view to the increased number of births. More and more demands on schools, such as inclusion or language support measures and also immigration are mentioned as further factors for increasing personnel requirements.
Other points in the education report:
Educational success depends on origin
The finding is well known and has been confirmed once again: children of parents who earn more and have a high level of education are more successful at school and later on in their education. In the report it sounds like this: “Educational success is directly related to the socio-economic situation of the family”.
Education pays off
“Educational qualifications and skills in school and adulthood are also proving to be profitable in terms of non-monetary aspects,” says the report. Translated: Education not only pays off financially, through better jobs. Students who perform better in school are also happier with their lives. And adults with higher reading skills rated their life satisfaction higher than those with lower skills.
Fewer early school leavers, but level about the same
The school dropout rate has fallen slightly, but is roughly at the level of the past ten years at around 6 percent of the population of the same age. In 2020, around 45,000 young people left school without a qualification. It is also said that most of them succeed in catching up on a degree later.
Boom at daycare centers
92 percent of the three to six-year-olds are now in day care. Even the very little ones: More than a third of children under the age of three go to daycare or are cared for. The authors see a significant increase here over the past ten years.
“Saturation” during study
According to the report, almost half of young adults are now studying. According to the report, however, a “saturation level” may have been reached here. “Current forecasts assume that the demand for studies will not increase further in the coming years.”