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Thursday, December 8, 2022

Refugees in Germany: What is different from 2015 and 2016

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The federal government promises more money for accommodating refugees in Germany, but cities and municipalities criticize the 1.5 billion euros as too little. The refugee numbers are very different from 2015 and 2016. But other things have also changed.

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It has been clear since Wednesday that the federal government is contributing billions in additional funds to accommodate refugees. The countries had demanded that. For the current year, it is about an additional 1.5 billion euros for the care of refugees from Ukraine, among other things, as Scholz said. So far, 2 billion euros have been pledged for the care of Ukraine refugees. For the coming year, there should be 1.5 billion euros for taking in refugees from Ukraine, and an annual lump sum of 1.25 billion euros has been announced for people from other countries.

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Municipalities had been sounding the alarm for months. One of the reasons: the refugees from the war in Ukraine. are “1,019,789 people […] recorded who have entered Germany since February 24, 2022 in connection with the war in Ukraine”. However, it is possible that “a small number have already traveled on to other EU countries and also returned to Ukraine”, .

Refugee numbers in Germany are increasing

The (BAMF) states: “In the reporting year 2022 so far, 134,908 initial applications were received by the Federal Office. In the same period of the previous year, 100,278 initial applications were made; this means an increase in the number of applications by 34.5% compared to the previous year.” Most of the initial applications for asylum came from people from Syria, Afghanistan and Turkey.

Nevertheless, the situation is far from comparable to 2015 and 2016. At that time 441,899 (2015) and 722,370 (2016) initial applications for asylum – numbers that will probably hardly be reached despite the increase in 2022. a few days ago of an increase in illegal entries since June: “While the number of unauthorized entries was between almost 4,000 and a good 5,000 people per month in the first half of the year, it has risen disproportionately every month since June. In June, the federal police recorded 6,667 illegal entries , in July 6941, in August 8846 and in September 12,701. Further increases are feared.” A request from star to the Federal Ministry of the Interior whether it could confirm these figures has so far remained unanswered. According to the newspaper, they come from Federal Police statistics.

The group that currently presents the federal states, municipalities and communities with the greatest challenge is the approximately one million people from Ukraine. Because of the war, it is difficult to predict how many people will come to Germany from the Ukraine and if and when they will return to their home country. This also makes it so difficult to estimate the financial requirements.

Criticism of funding when taking in refugees

The President of the Association of German Cities, Markus Lewe, criticized the commitments made by the federal and state governments for funding when taking in refugees. The challenges increase every day. More and more people are coming from Ukraine and other countries. “The cities are aware of their responsibility and will not leave the refugees on the streets. However, we expect that the federal states will quickly expand their reception capacities and now get more involved in the financing themselves,” warned Lewe.

Federal Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD) makes her statement after the federal and state refugee summit

The general manager of the German Association of Towns and Municipalities, Gerd Landsberg, also called for “significantly more capacity in initial reception facilities and collective accommodation” from the federal states. The municipalities are already at the limit of their accommodation options. He and the President of the German District Association, Reinhard Sager, also demanded that the states pass on the funds made available by the federal government to the municipalities. The municipalities have considerable expenses in caring for the refugees, emphasized Sager in the editorial network Germany.

Discussion about assumption of costs

Even if the numbers of refugees in Germany are nowhere near as high as in 2015 and 2016: The cost of living that has risen since then and the tighter housing market make it more difficult and expensive to accommodate the refugees. Despite the decision by the federal and state governments, the discussion about the costs for refugees is likely to continue.

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Source: Stern

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