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Monday, March 27, 2023

the government’s plan to increase the birth rate

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It was noted that the problem is more serious in Japangiven that life expectancy has increased in recent decades, and the public system must support a large segment of the population that is no longer productive.

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Kishida He even warned that the country is “on the verge of not being able to function” due to the historic drop in the birth rate, and that is that for the first time in more than a century, the number of babies born in Japan fell below the 800,000 last year. In the 1970s, that number exceeded two million.

Japan It is the country with the oldest population in the world, after the Principality of Monacoaccording to data from world Bank.

Given this, Kishida announced that it will double the government’s fiscal spending on programs that promote birth rates through support for the upbringing of children, which means that the government’s outlay would increase to about one 4% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

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Currently, the average number of children a Japanese woman has is 1,3one of the lowest rates in the world (the lowest is South Korea with 0.78).

Japan population 1.jfif

Why do the Japanese not want to have children?

-Small apartments in big cities that do not give space for an extended family

-High cost and strong pressures for children to reach the best schools and universities

-Increased cost of livingIncreased entry of women into the labor force

-High labor demand and very little time to dedicate to parenting

-More educated young women who prefer to remain single and childless

-Delaying childbearing until a later age, reducing the number of fertile years

-Punitive work culture that demands long working hours, a high level of commitment and high performance from employees.

Source: Ambito

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