The Senate gave half a sanction to the reduction of the working day

The Senate gave half a sanction to the reduction of the working day

The Chilean Senate approved on Tuesday the bill that reduces the weekly working day from 45 to 40 hours, an initiative that will leave the country together with Ecuador as the only two countries in the region to have this labor extension. The reduction of working time has gained followers in a large part of the world. Recently, the UK conducted four-day work week trial with good results.

The bill entered Congress in 2017, and was approved in the Upper House by 45 votes in favor, none against, and no abstentions.

For it to become law All that remains is the ratification of the initiative in the Chamber of Deputieswhich must approve the modifications incorporated in the Senate.

The government is confident that the initiative can become law before next May 1, the international commemoration of Labor Day.

The initiative was presented to Congress by representatives of the communist party, among them Camila Vallejo, current minister spokesperson for the government.

What does the reduction in working hours mean?

The bill, which was approved by the Chamber of Deputies In its first process, it did not initially contemplate gradual implementation, but after passing through the Senate it was established that this change will be made within a period of five years.

Thus, Within a year, the weekly working day will be 44 hours, it will decrease to 42 in the third year of application of the law and to 40 hours after five years.

The regulations establish that the new extension of the working day may not mean a reduction in the remuneration of employees and the government justifies it so that workers have more time to carry out activities other than work.

In January 2005, Chile applied a first reduction in its weekly working hours, from 48 to 45 hours.

If this second reduction is approved, Chile will join Ecuador as the only two Latin American countries to establish by law the 40-hour week. In Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay it is 48 hours.

Brazil, El Salvador, Guatemala and Venezuela have a working day of between 42 and 45 hours per week, according to updated data from the International Labor Organization (ILO).

Latin America is one of the regions in the world where more hours are worked per year and has one of the highest labor informality rates, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Four day working day in the UK

Some 61 companies participated in what is so far the most comprehensive trial of a four-day work schedule. The trial took place in the UK and most executives liked it so much they decided to adopt it indefinitely, while 15% of employees said “no amount of money” would convince them to return to work five days a week. week

Almost 3,000 employees participated in the pilot, which was carried out between June and December 2022 by the non-profit organization 4 Day Week Global, in collaboration with the Autonomy research group and researchers from Boston College and the University of Cambridge. .

More than half of the workers surveyed said the four-day workweek increased their capacity, and 71% said it reduced burnout. Around 40% felt less stressed and improved their mental health, and 54% experienced fewer negative emotions.

Source: Ambito

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