This is what the trade union-affiliated Momentum Institute calculated on the occasion of Equal Pay Day, which takes place on Tuesday, October 31st. As of this date, men in Austria have already earned as much as women did at the end of the year.
With or without a child it doesn’t matter
Women with and without children receive approximately the same amount of less salary than fathers. For example, men without children with a high school diploma receive 98 percent of the gross hourly wages of fathers with a high school diploma, women without children with the same qualification receive 88 percent, and mothers receive 84 percent. Even for men, fatherhood plays almost no role in salary. Only men with a college degree feel the benefits of fatherhood premiums, called “Fatherhood Premium” in the literature. On the one hand, these arise from increased working hours actually worked, and on the other hand, from higher salaries that men negotiated after giving birth. Men with a university degree earn significantly more if they have children – childless men with a university degree only receive 79 percent of their gross hourly wage.
Women are primarily employed in low-wage industries
However, the different pay in different industries contributes to the gender pay gap. Women are primarily employed in low-wage industries. Nine out of ten hairdressers are female and they receive an average gross hourly wage of 12.5 euros. On the other hand, it is predominantly men who work in the best-paid industries – eight out of ten board members or managing directors are male. On average, they earn around 51.4 euros gross per hour, according to the Momentum Institute.
Childless women equal potential mothers?
Classic gender roles also contribute to the wage gap, as unpaid care work is primarily carried out by women. Even childless women are seen by employers as potential mothers and are therefore discriminated against. “Of course we have to expand childcare and no longer place the burden of caring for relatives on women; that is a very central task,” said Momentum economist Katharina Mader in a press release. She also called for mandatory wage transparency, the upgrading of low-wage sectors and quotas in public institutions and the private sector.
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