He National Institute of Statistics (INE) published a report on the state of food insecurity in the Uruguay where the departments of Montevideo and cannelloni has the highest percentage, while Maldonado and other surrounding departments reflect the lowest percentage.
The report is divided into two indicators: households with moderate food insecurity or severe and food insecure households serious. In the first case, in Uruguay Moderate food insecurity is estimated at 14.6%, which represented an increase of 0.8% compared to the same period of the previous year.
For its part, the indicator of serious food insecurity in the Uruguayan homes It reflected 2.5% and, compared to the same period of the previous year, an increase of 0.3% was noted. As for different departments, cannelloni and Montevideo They register the worst indicators with 15.5% in moderate food insecurity and 2.7% in severe food insecurity. Meanwhile, the departments of Maldonado, Flores, Durazno, Florida, Lavalleja and Rocha They exhibit the lowest percentages in the country.
The INE report establishes that, when analyzing food insecurity according to geographic areas at the household level, “similar prevalences were observed between Montevideo and Interior.” However, when the data is disaggregated, “a higher prevalence of food insecurity was recorded in the northeast region (Artigas, Tacuarembó, Rivera, Cerro Largo and Treinta y Tres) and in the region composed of the departments of Montevideo and Cannelloni”, while “the lowest levels corresponded to the departments of the center and southeast of the country.”
The data according to household income
By measuring the problem by the income level, It can be seen that it was mainly concentrated in households in the first quintile, where the food insecurity moderate or severe reached 37.1%, with severe reaching 8%.
The percentages decreased markedly as household income increased. For example, in households in quintile 5, the prevalence was 2% and 0.2%, respectively.
Regarding homes with minors, the food insecurity It was higher in those living under 6 years of age, reaching 19.9%, with 3.3% in serious conditions. Meanwhile, in households with children under 18 years of age, the problem was 19.1%, with 3.4% of serious cases.
From the INE They highlighted that “the changes are not statistically significant” with respect to the 2022 report, although they called for continuing with the measurement to design medium and long-term approach strategies.