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Malaria mosquito appears in Italy

Malaria mosquito appears in Italy
Danger of mosquito bites

Specimens of the species “Anopheles sacharovi” were located in the province of Lecce in the southern Italian Adriatic region of Apulia. Researchers say it is necessary to step up surveillance in southern Italy to prevent the risk of reintroduction of the disease, according to a study by Italy’s top health institute ISS.

“We are monitoring their spread”

“The presence of the malaria-carrying mosquito is information that must be duly taken into account. We are monitoring its spread,” explained Pier Luigi Lopalco, professor of hygiene at the University of Salento. The presence of this species could be a consequence of climate change. “We are certainly not talking about an imminent danger that malaria will return to Italy. But it is a warning that requires serious steps to further improve mosquito surveillance and limit the spread of malaria,” the expert said, according to media sources.

High fever and diarrhea

Malaria is a disease caused by single-celled parasites of the genus Plasmodium. Symptoms appear seven, 15 or more days after the infected insect bites. They vary in nature, but usually consist of often very high fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, sweats and chills. Nowadays, malaria is mainly transmitted in the tropics and subtropics through the bite of a female mosquito of the genus Anopheles.

The disease must be reported in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In the first half of the 20th century, Italy fought hard against the plague of malaria. Many swampy areas were drained to stop the spread of malaria.

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Source: Nachrichten

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