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Poland before a change of government: What comes after the PiS party?

Poland before a change of government: What comes after the PiS party?

Almost two months after the opposition’s victory in the parliamentary elections in Poland, things are moving forward. The incumbent Prime Minister Morawiecki wants to ask parliament for a vote of confidence – and is likely to fail. Then comes the hour of Donald Tusk.

Is Poland about to change power?

It looks like this. Poland’s incumbent Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki wants to make a government statement on Monday (10 a.m.) and ask a vote of confidence for his new cabinet in the afternoon. Since the national conservative PiS does not have a majority in parliament, Morawiecki’s cabinet is likely to fail the confidence vote. This in turn clears the way for a change of power in Poland, which the PiS has long delayed. As early as Monday evening, Parliament is expected to commission former EU Council President Donald Tusk to form a government.

How did the country vote?

In the parliamentary election on October 15, three pro-European parties from Tusk’s previous opposition won a clear majority of 248 of the 460 seats in the Sejm. A coalition agreement was signed weeks ago, and the distribution of departments has also been clarified. The PiS only received 194 seats and has no coalition partner.

PiS has been voted out – why is the party nominating the Prime Minister?

President Andrzej Duda, who comes from the ranks of the PiS, had delayed the change for a long time. Despite the majority in parliament, he commissioned Morawiecki to form a government and sworn in his cabinet at the end of November. The constitution stipulates that the head of government must submit a vote of confidence in parliament within 14 days of being sworn in. Morawiecki will now do this when this deadline expires on Monday – a practically hopeless undertaking.

Only when Morawiecki fails with the vote of confidence will it be Parliament’s turn. In the second step, it can now determine a government from its majority. The representatives of the three-party alliance are expected to award the contract to form a government to Tusk on Monday evening – in the second round the award will not be made by the president.

What does the change of government mean for Germany and the EU?

The upcoming change of government in Warsaw is also likely to bring about a change in Polish foreign policy. The PiS was in constant dispute with Brussels over judicial reform. The relationship with Berlin was also at a low point because of demands for world war reparations amounting to 1.3 trillion euros. The three opposition parties stand for a pro-European course and a more conciliatory policy towards Germany. The 66-year-old Tusk was Poland’s head of government from 2007 to 2014.

Questions and answers: Poland before a change of government: What comes after the PiS party?

What’s next?

Tusk has announced that he will make a government statement on Tuesday morning and will ask for a vote of confidence in the afternoon. Since the three-party alliance has a solid majority, Tusk is expected to pass the vote.

Then it’s President Andrzej Duda’s turn again – he has to swear in the Tusk government. But here too it becomes clear that the president is doing everything possible to put obstacles in Tusk’s way. Duda’s office said on Saturday that the president intended “no delay” and that the new government could therefore be sworn in on Wednesday morning. But this timing is also a blow to Tusk, as the date is historically loaded. On December 13, 1981, the then communist regime in Poland declared martial law – a black day in the country’s history.

Source: Stern

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