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81% of investment in science and technology is concentrated in only 5 districts in the country

81% of investment in science and technology is concentrated in only 5 districts in the country

A report from the Ibero-American Center for Research in Science, Technology and Innovation reveals that in only five districts of the country –City of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos- More than 80% of the investment is concentrated in that area. The work demonstrates the inequalities in distribution at the country level.

According to the report, those subnational jurisdictions “concentrate in 2024 more than 81% of investment in Science and Technology”. From the survey it emerges that “the National System of Science, Technology and Innovation (SNCTI) is deployed very unevenly in the territory of our country”, and that the Science and Technology Function (FCyT) of the National Budget “is the main source of financing for the system.”

“In the first quarter of 2024, the execution of the FCyT fell by a real 20.9% compared to the first quarter of the previous year”, showing the cut suffered. But not All provincial jurisdictions are equally affected.”says the work.

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The study indicates that although all jurisdictions “face double-digit falls, those that do so the least, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires and Córdoba, do so between 16% and 19%. “Those with the most, such as Neuquén, La Rioja and Formosa, fell between 29% and 31% in real terms.”

On the other hand, the study indicates that “execution in the first five months shows a general drop in regional participationl, where the participation of the different regions of the country in the total declines.”

The only significant growth compared to the previous year is given in the budget classifier that attributes the investment to the National location, which substantially represents the expenditure on salaries and scholarships from CONICET”, explains the work.

It is also indicated that significant declines are recorded in the usually most disadvantaged areas: Patagonia (which falls from 7.04% to 4.93% of the total FCyT), NOA (3.88% to 2.5%), Cuyo (2.72% to 1.85%) and NEA (2.74% to 1.5%). CABA also decreases (24.16% to 18.98%). The report then says that “While the entire system decays as such, some parts do so faster than others..

The CONICET retracts at a lower inertial speed than investment in provincial jurisdictions, strongly affected by the almost total disappearance of transfers and capital expenditures on equipment and infrastructure, as noted.

Investment in relation to population

On the other hand, the study indicates that The city of Buenos Aires, with a participation in the investment of 28% but less than 7% of the population, receives more than 4 times what it should if the distribution were completely equal.

Formosa, with an index of 0.14, receives 7 times less. In this way, CABA has more than 28 times what Formosa receives. “In your turn – the work continues – It is notable that 20 districts receive less than their share if the distribution of investment followed the population distribution”.

Thus, the report indicates that “in terms of regional aggregates, there is once again a concentration in the CABA-Buenos Aires-Central Region area, which concentrates 75% of the total investment.” “The regions in which 19 of the 24 districts of our country are located distribute only 25% of the total FCyT“warns the study center.

Source: Ambito

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